1. Background of the Context
Finn Church Aid (FCA) is the largest Finnish organization for development cooperation and the second largest provider of humanitarian assistance. FCA operates in twelve countries in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and has over 70 years of experience from international aid. FCA specializes in supporting local communities in three priority areas: Right to Livelihood, Right to Quality Education and Right to Peace. Our operations includes long-term development cooperation, humanitarian assistance and advocacy. FCA has been working in Jordan since 2012 with focus on mitigating the impact of the regional refugee crisis especially among youth and young adults. Over the years, the priorities of the country program have gradually shifted from Education in Emergencies to long-term resilience and reduced aid dependency of both refugees and vulnerable host communities. These goals are promoted especially through various livelihood interventions.
2. Purpose of the Context and Stakeholders Analysis
The analysis is expected to offer in-depth understanding of the operational context, support the country office team’s reflections towards rights-based programming and strengthen FCA’s informed decision-making both at country level as well as in the Head Office.
The analysis provides a basis for planning FCA’s program on the country level, contributes to define and revise country strategies and to plan the implementation Global Program and beyond. The identification of the main causes of vulnerability and non-realization of rights enables us to make well-informed strategic decisions about programmatic focus and to tackle the underlying causes of the non-realization of rights, especially defined under our FCA’s strategic priorities. In addition, the analysis widens the partnership/ cooperation possibilities with the relevant stakeholders in order to respond to emerging issues and reflect global challenges.
The analysis will support the management and program staff of FCA’s Jordan country program in their work as well as head office staff involved in FCA programmatic work at large. More specifically, it is expected to:
Guide program development from 2021 onwards by enabling the country program to make informed and well-grounded choices;
provide substance for FCA’s fundraising efforts and dialogue with donors;
Contribute to FCA’s evidence-based advocacy towards duty-bearers.
Develop FCA’s partnership and localization plan.
The analyses in FCA are guided by the following principles:
· Due consideration to open or latent conflicts are given by following the principles of do no harm and conflict sensitivity.
· Information is collected by participatory methods, involving local expertise and with due consideration to gender dynamics.
· Triangulation is used to ensure that the analysis is based on credible and balanced data.
· Voices of both women and men as well as various vulnerable groups is heard in the process.
3. Scope of the Context and Stakeholders analysis
FCA’s current activities in Jordan are focused on Middle and Northern governorates of the country. However, the analysis is expected to cover the entire country in order to offer views to future programming options also in locations not currently covered by the country program.
While a key objective of the analysis is to provide an overview of the situation in Jordan, FCA Jordan has already made a strategic choice to focus on livelihoods, and especially, on self-employment opportunities through entrepreneurship development and its linkages to (a)TVET (b) Digital Economy and © environment. These priorities constitute also a key analytical lens through which the context analysis is expected to examine the questions rolled out in the section 6.
Another significant objective of the analysis is exploring the different dynamics in each geographical area in terms of market variables, economic and social variables. In addition to identification of the available stakeholders/ players in each area.
4. Objectives of the Analysis
In line the with the purpose statement presented above, the overall objective of this context analysis is to strengthen FCA’s understanding of Jordan as the operational context of its country program.
The specific objectives of the analysis are:
1) Providing an overview of the regulatory framework (polices and regulations) related to economic, social and cultural human rights, identifying challenges and burdens of access of vulnerable groups to these rights, and the dynamics between them and the decision making bodies.
2) Providing a thematic overview about the current overall situation in Jordan in terms of, but not necessarily limited to, technical and vocational education (TVET), employment, entrepreneurship, digital economy, environment and climate change and their interlinkages.
3) Identification and analysis of the role, and the capacity of the key stakeholders and duty bearers (national and local) in supporting, promoting and advocating for the rights of the rights-holders in the above-mentioned thematic areas.
5. Analysis questions
The analysis will concentrate on four main dimensions of the context, namely overall situation of Jordan, problem analysis, stakeholder analysis and conclusions & recommendations. In these four dimensions, the following questions are to be examined:
1. Overall situation of Jordan
1.1 General human rights situation of Jordan
· What are the key human right treaties that Jordan has ratified? In the light of the reporting of UN human right bodies, what is the general human rights situation of Jordan?
· More specifically, what is the state of economic, social and cultural rights in Jordan?
1.2 National development priorities
· Describe the national development frameworks and the role of SDGs in them. How are the issues of vocational and technical education, employment and entrepreneurship, climate change and environment framed in them?
· Describe how climate change and environmental concerns are perceived on the country-level and what their importance is in relation to other development priorities.
· What are the key international and national responses to the regional refugee situation? How are the regional refugee situation and the related responses linked to the national development priorities?
1.3 Main natural and man-made risks
· What are the main environmental risks and natural hazards (both climate-induced and non-climate induced) Jordan is exposed to? What are their implications for livelihoods?
· What are the most important conflicts (both open and latent) and other man-made hazards affecting Jordan? What are their implications for livelihoods?
2. Problem analysis
2.1 Political and legal framework
· How are the economic, social and cultural human rights recognized in the Constitution or the laws?
· Describe the key public policies and national strategies that address Jordan’s economic challenges. What is the capacity of the authorities to implement these policies?
· What is de facto the division of labor between the government in the domains of TVET education, labor and entrepreneurship? What are the gaps that civil society is currently filling in and why?
· Do people, particularly vulnerable groups, have access to information about public policies and how to claim their rights?
· What are the anti-corruption efforts in the country? are the anti-corruption efforts in the country sufficient to support interaction between different groups of people and their relation to decision-making bodies?
2.2 Social and cultural practices
· How do cultural practices, social norms and customary laws affect the position of different groups in society (such as men/women, youth, people with disabilities, different religions, refugees)? What is their impact in terms of fulfillment of economic, social and cultural rights of different groups?
· In the light of the above, are the groups that are particularly disadvantaged suffer in terms of their economic, social and cultural rights?
· Do gender roles have an effect on formal decision-making bodies? For example, is there passive or active discrimination based on gender? What about discrimination based on age, ethnicity, religion, disability etc.
· Are there informal rules that seem to matter more than formal laws (e.g. customary law, structures of cultural authority)?
2.3 Economic trends and technological framework
· What kind of economic and technological factors affect people’s access to income and livelihood? (Consider for instance the economic situation and trends, the conditions for job creation, job attainment and entrepreneurship incl. legal limitations affecting various population groups; unemployment/ underemployment).
· How much the country attracts foreign investment and to what degree is the economic dependence on foreign countries? To what extent and how do the needs of the most vulnerable groups show in public economic policies at national, regional and local levels? Are there adequate budgets to support the implementation of these policies?
· What kind of economic and financial resources are available for aspiring and expanding entrepreneurs, and are there limitations in availability towards different groups, such as women or refugees? What about access to other assets such technology, transportation systems, education or training?
· What are the support institutions and networks available for entrepreneurs and what is the access of different groups such as women and refugees to them?
· What is the capacity of the Higher Education sector and especially TVET providers to follow economic trends? What are the linkages between TVET providers and the Jordanian private sector?
2.4 Environmental and climate change aspects
· What is the capacity of society to prevent, mitigate, and manage main environmental and climate challenges (such as but not limited to Solid waste Management) and respond to disasters? What is its capacity to mitigate their impact in livelihoods in particular?
3. Identifying stakeholders and analyzing their capacities
3.1 Identification of duty-bearers and rights-holders
· Who are the key duty-bearers (national and local) responsible for promoting the fulfillment of human rights relevant to full economic agency of the vulnerable groups mentioned under the section 2.2? Are they capable of meeting their obligations? Why/why not?
· Are the vulnerable groups mentioned under the section 2.2. capable to claim their rights as rights-holders and to hold duty-bearers accountable? Why/why not?
3.2 SWOT analysis of the duty-bearers and rights-holders
Duty-bearers’ SWOT analysis:
· What are the duty-bearers’ strengths in respecting, promoting and protecting human rights?
· What are their weaknesses in fulfilling their obligations?
· How about opportunities that support them in this?
· Are there any factors that pose a threat to their role?
Right-holders’ SWOT analysis:
· What are the rights-holders’ strengths in claiming their rights?
· What are the weaknesses in claiming their rights, e.g. awareness of their rights and their ability to act collectively to advocate for them?
· What opportunities/external factors they have?
· What threatens their capacities?
In addition, it is important to consider the duty bearers and right holders capacities, resources, skills and motivations in more detail and pay attention to the different roles they have at different levels of society. Try to point out possible gaps that should be filled and factors that prevent the positive interaction between different stakeholders.
Duty-bearers and Right-holders should also be analyzed accordingly:
4. Conclusions and recommendation for FCA’s program work
· Main findings and conclusions from the sections 1-3
· Recommendations for FCA’s program development in entrepreneurship and TVET and possible offshoots stemming from these priorities
6. Methodology required & available data
· Analysis must be founded on information gathered from a wide range of stakeholders to make their voices heard. Groups with vulnerabilities, private sector and local and international NGOs working in the different areas and have an effect on the operation space.
· Engaging groups with vulnerabilities (women, youth, persons with disabilities, refugees –**from all nationalities**) in data gathering and its analysis, and eliciting the views of both.
· Interviewing organizations promoting women’s – and PwD’s rights, and/or using their reports.
· Given the socially conservative environment in which the consultancy takes place, the methodology and the composition of the data collection team should pay particular attention to gender-related and cultural sensitivities while also ensuring that women, men, girls and boys have equal opportunities to make their voices heard.
· The principles of conflict sensitivity and do no harm should be followed in minimum by considering the potential negative effects of the process on existing latent or open conflicts.
· Information must be collected by utilizing participatory methods. Whenever possible, interviews, group discussions and field visits to relevant program sites will form a necessary part to the analysis. Local knowledge and information is crucial, and it can be enriched by observations and questions coming from a wide variety of stakeholders.
· Data gathering and the analysis must be disaggregated by sex and age paying attention to any other relevant factors of the country in question such as age, ethnicity and disability.
· It is crucial that gender, disabilities and human rights perspectives are integrated into the context analysis throughout the process.
FCA’s documents to be made available:
· FCA’s Jordan country strategy
· FCA’s education strategy
· FCA’s livelihoods strategy
· FCA’s RBA and gender policies
7. Analysis process
· Kick-off meeting with FCA staff.
· Preparation of the inception report that also includes a work plan (incl. agreeing with FCA on practical arrangements such as timetables, transportation and setting up meetings and clarifying expectations for the stakeholder analysis workshop) .
· Approval of the inception report and work plan by FCA.
· Desk review.
· Data collection with relevant stakeholders. Preparation of the draft context and stakeholders analysis.
· Submission of the draft analysis report to FCA .
· Validation discussion workshop with FCA staff.
· Integration of FCA’s feedback into the analysis.
· Submission of final analysis repo.
· FCA’s approval.
Kick Off Meeting
5 working days
First draft analysis Report followed by half-a-day validation workshop with FCA staff.
20 working days
Final draft analysis Report**
10 working days
FCA’s final approval.
5 working days.
9. Deliverables & Payments
· Inception Report (incl. program, methodology, work plan, interviews structure, questions, etc..).
· Draft report using FCA’s
· Final report using FCA’s
Upon approval of the inception report
Upon approval of draft analysis
Upon approval of final analysis
REQUEST FOR QUOTATION
10. Skills and qualifications required
· Excellent knowledge of the country context of Jordan and especially of the impact of the refugees presence on it.
· Knowledge of the local private sector operational space.
· At least 5 years of demonstrated experience of conducting research in the following fields:, social policy, economic policy.
· Demonstrated experience in use of participatory methodologies and facilitating workshops
· Good knowledge of rights-based approach and promotion of gender equality
· Master’s degree or PhD in social sciences or economics (N.B. if more than one consultant, the degree of the team leader is taken into consideration.)
· Excellent written and spoken English and Arabic
· Provide an indicative total budget for this exercise . All interviews, transportation and other related costs shall be included in the proposed budget.
· A detailed breakdown of the budget at VAT 0 to ensure clear and fair comparison during the assessment of the bids.
· The budget format is included in the Technical Proposal Template
12. Bids assessment
Qualitative award criteria
Skills / expertise of the evaluation Consultant/ team 40 %
Methodology for structuring, data collection & analysis 35%
Organization of tasks and timetable 15%
Price factor: cheapest tender 10%
13. . Terms of contract
· The Consultant is responsible for payment of all social costs, other employment related costs and insurance contributions and for all other liabilities of a statutory nature.
· The consultant will have to abide by FCA CoC, Child Safeguarding policy and any other relevant policies.
· Copyright for the report will remain with FCA.
How to apply:
Kindly send the following to
Procurement.Mero@kua.fi with subject line “Context and Stakeholders Analysis Consultant”
no latter than Feb. 18th 2021
· CV – including a short summary of relevant competences and previous evaluation work conducted*
· Technical Proposal
. Financial Proposal
· Up to 3 examples of previous similar consultancy (from recent evaluation work)
· Up to 3 recommendations from previous contract providers
Late, incomplete or partial bids will be rejected.